Back pain in the lumbar region: what it could be

Lower back pain can reduce the quality of life and may lead to depression. Before seeking medical attention, it is important to understand the cause of the pain, stop the pain and reduce the degree of pain.

Low back pain reduces quality of life

Low back pain may be caused by heavy exercise, serious internal organ diseases, and musculoskeletal system problems. Self-diagnosis and self-medication are dangerous and unacceptable. Before consulting a medical expert, it is possible and necessary to stop the uncomfortable symptoms during this time. Only a doctor can determine what predisposing factors are and prescribe the correct treatment. All the patient needs to do is to assess the intensity of the pain to determine the cause of the increased pain. The exact data provided by the patient when the doctor makes an appointment is one of the keys to successful treatment.

The main cause of low back pain

The age of patients with recurrent or recurrent low back pain is decreasing. Symptoms may vary-severe and moderate, localized and spread throughout the lumbar spine. There are many reasons for lower back pain:

  • Deformity of the spine or vegetation-hernia;
  • Diseases of the genitourinary system;
  • High-intensity exercise and injury;
  • a sedentary lifestyle;
  • Diseases of the circulatory system in the pelvic area;
  • Psychological problems-stress, depression;
  • Overweight;
  • Stomach problems.

Pain in the lower back cannot be ignored-it is a sign of a serious problem in the body. Most of the causes of it are asymptomatic and are already manifested in the final stages of complex treatment.

Problems with the musculoskeletal system (such as herniated vertebrae) only become obvious when the nerves or blood vessels have been pinched. The exact manifestation of most gynecological diseases in women is lumbar pain-the development of inflammation leads to increased uterine or ovarian muscle spasms, and the stable blood supply to the small pelvis is blocked. Problems with the male reproductive system are also reflected in the form of stab wounds or stings radiating backwards.

Types of low back pain

Even if the symptoms are not yet obvious and will not seriously affect the quality of life and performance, consultation with a medical expert is required. The intensity and type of pain are different. Before going to the doctor's office, you need to determine the degree of pain:

  • Local;
  • General;
  • Regular;
  • Constant.

Localized lower back pain is concentrated at a certain point, which can be reflected in one leg or both legs, to the tailbone. The systemic syndrome gradually spreads to the entire abdomen, including the abdomen.

Recurring lower back pain is different from other types of pain in that it disappears after the cause is eliminated-internal organ problems, excessive stress or individual physical characteristics. In medicine, this symptom is divided into reflection and radiation. Reflexes appear due to problems with internal organs in the pelvic area. Back pain occurs due to spinal problems-pinching nerve fibers or blood vessels, deforming vertebrae.

When going to the doctor, the patient must clearly state his main complaint and indicate the pain he suffered-chronic or acute, and how long it lasted. Without these data, doctors will not be able to prescribe correct diagnostic information, which will complicate and delay treatment, and may lead to more serious disease development.

Self-diagnosis of back pain and ambulance

When you have back pain, it is not always possible to seek medical expert help. To reduce the intensity of unpleasant symptoms, you need to determine the cause of their appearance. This can be done even without medical knowledge. For preliminary self-diagnosis, one of the following three tests can be used:

  • Dejerine's test;
  • Lasegue test;
  • Lerrey test.

Dejerine test-tighten your abdominal muscles and listen to your feelings. If the pain in the lower back worsens, it is likely to develop into rickets or osteochondrosis. However, if you feel uncomfortable in the abdominal cavity, then the cause lies in the internal organs.

Lasegue test-lying on your back, raising your legs alternately. If there is shooting pain in the leg or upper spine during exercise, the nerve is squeezed.

Lerrey Test-Try to get up from your back without bending your knees. If low back pain or low back pain is in the lower back, it should be considered a sign of hernia in this part of the spine.

How to reduce the intensity of lower back pain depends on the results of self-diagnosis. Medical experts do not recommend using warm ointments or compresses to relieve the syndrome without consulting a doctor. They can cause inflammation or other complications. As an ambulance, you can use painkillers, NSAID drugs or NSAIDs. The latter option is preferable because the fund has a wider range of action-they can eliminate pain, reduce inflammation and lower body temperature, but taking it for more than 3 days is dangerous.

Which doctor should I contact for back pain

Usually, patients will seek medical help when the disease progresses, and lower back pain will be obvious, so it is no longer possible to cope alone. Due to regular intake of painkillers and topical medications (ointments, gels), most patients will encounter gastrointestinal and skin problems when seeking medical treatment. Even if there is a mild pain syndrome in the waist area, it is impossible to postpone the visit. In addition, choosing the right experts is also very important.

Several highly specialized doctors should not determine the cause of back pain:

  • Therapist;
  • Neurologist;
  • Gynecologist or urologist.

After making an appointment with a general practitioner (therapist), the cause of the back pain was determined. What could be-neuralgia, visceral disease or psychological problem, must be determined by the therapist. He will open a standardized test and make suggestions for further measures.

Appointed by a neurologist, a more detailed examination-X-ray, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (CT or MRI) is required. This diagnosis is more in-depth, and research helps to assess the condition of each vertebra, nerve endings and blood vessels. At this stage, osteochondrosis, low back pain, sciatica can be detected, the location of the intervertebral hernia, and the damage to bone and muscle tissue can be determined.

For patients whose general practitioners suspect internal organ problems, they must consult a gynecologist or urologist. The following diseases may cause lumbar pain:

  • Gastrointestinal ulcers and tumors with retroperitoneal spread;
  • Colitis, colon problems;
  • Women's uterus, the inflammatory process of the adnexa;
  • Cholecystitis or pancreatitis;
  • Kidney and liver disease;
  • Dissection of abdominal aortic aneurysm;
  • Appendicitis or peritonitis.

Regardless of the treatment strategy and which highly specialized doctor the therapist chooses, the patient must undergo the following standard tests-blood tests from veins, fingers, and urine. The results of the study will help identify the presence of inflammation in the body and evaluate the effectiveness of internal organ functions.

It is important to understand that any self-treatment of low back pain can be harmful and usually irreparable. Long-term use of painkillers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and folk remedies are dangerous. All medicines, herbs and ointments have contraindications and side effects, most of which aggravate the condition, exacerbate or even overwhelm the pain syndrome, and cover up the underlying disease. If this method is not approved by the attending physician, and the attending physician does not know the real cause of the onset of symptoms, self-medication for more than 3-5 days is impossible. Only consultation with medical experts and treatment with multiple drugs can correct this situation, improve the quality of life and fully recover.