Cervical osteochondrosis is a pathological change of cervical intervertebral discs and vertebrae that occurs under the background of metabolic disorders. The form of this disease has some characteristics, related to the stenosis of the cervical spine and the saturation of its nerve endings and important blood vessels responsible for blood circulation in the brain.
The development of osteochondrosis causes pain, deterioration of brain nutrition, dizziness, loss of vision and hearing. The progress of the disease is full of serious complications, so it is best to start treatment of cervical osteochondrosis as soon as possible.
Unfortunately, it is impossible to completely get rid of this disease, but with many fairly effective methods, you can forget the pain, mobility and other symptoms of the disease for a long time or permanently.
In the treatment of complex cervical osteochondrosis, the important place is the use of drugs. The following sets of funds were used:
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NSAIDs can reduce pain and eliminate inflammatory processes. Tablets, ointments, gels, injections can be used. Because long-term use of drugs can cause unnecessary changes in the gastric mucosa, antispasmodics are usually taken at the same time as NSAIDs.
Hormones are mainly used to relieve radiation syndrome that occurs when nerve fibers are compressed and swelled. The most commonly prescribed medication is taken through the mouth and injected directly into the neck.
In cervical osteochondrosis, one of the important treatment areas is the use of anesthetics. These drugs are used to achieve paravertebral neuromuscular block to achieve the direct effect of anesthetics on nerve fibers, which may temporarily relieve severe pain. There are several ways to manage anesthetics:
One of the ways to reduce nerve tissue swelling in cervical osteochondrosis is to use anesthetics and corticosteroids at the same time. This treatment method allows you to obtain quick and long-lasting pain relief. The course performs 5-7 procedures approximately every other day. In this way, osteochondrosis of the cervical, thoracic, thoracic and lumbar spine can be treated. In addition to direct injection into the affected area, small doses of drugs can also be introduced into the active site. This technique is called "drug puncture. "
You can use irritating ointments, rubbing agents and liniments to effectively treat cervical osteochondrosis. The drug can activate blood circulation, stimulate metabolic processes, and has a stimulating and distracting effect.
Methods to improve blood circulation
Using Trental, Actovegin, Niacin, Curantil can improve blood microcirculation in the neck. When treating osteochondrosis, medicine or injection should be prescribed. These drugs increase blood fluidity and stimulate peripheral circulation by activating venous outflow. Therefore, it can regulate the metabolic process of the affected area, thereby reducing inflammation and edema.
Vitamins are used during treatment and remission. The purpose of using it in the cervical form of osteochondrosis is to improve nerve conduction and reduce vestibular and visual disturbances caused by vertebral and cartilage deformation and subsequent brain dystrophy. B vitamins (especially B6, B12) and vitamins C and A must be used, which can strengthen the blood vessel wall and have an antioxidant effect.
Using physical therapy to locate cervical pathological changes is one of the most effective ways to treat osteochondrosis.
Exposure to ultraviolet rays will promote the synthesis of vitamin D, thereby helping to absorb one of the most important trace elements-calcium. For this process, an irradiator with anti-inflammatory, analgesic and sterilizing effects is used. In order to treat cervical osteochondrosis, the UFO method is used to treat the back of the neck, the upper part of the shoulder, the outer surface of the shoulder and the subclavian part.
There are some contraindications to this process:
- Malignant tumor;
- Blood Pathology;
- Taking medicine, ultraviolet radiation can enhance the effect.
You can also use vibration exposure to get rid of cervical osteochondrosis. How does it work? The essence of the method lies in the impact of mechanical vibration on the affected area, thereby significantly reducing the pain syndrome. Often use a belt massager. Use three types of vibration massage:
- Vibration disease;
- The presence of dermatitis or skin lesions;
- Tumor disease;
- Mental disorders.
Laser therapy is very effective for cervical osteochondrosis. The method is based on the therapeutic effect of a helium-neon laser, which stimulates bioelectric processes in nerve fibers. Due to the wound healing, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of laser radiation, a therapeutic effect can be achieved.
During this process, the inflamed roots of the spinal cord of the affected cervical spine, the paravertebral (paravertebral) area are treated. Each spine can be processed within 2 minutes at most. The total length of the meeting is a quarter of an hour.
The treatment of this therapy is performed by using electric current. Under its influence, heat will be generated in the tissues, thereby activating blood flow in the cervical spine, thereby eliminating pain and speeding up the recovery process of damaged tissues.
Electrotherapy is not recommended for patients with pacemakers or metal devices in their bodies.
Shock wave method
The essence of this therapy is the effect of sound waves on the problem area, due to the following reasons:
- The pain disappears;
- Speed up the metabolic process;
- Improved microcirculation.
What should I do if cervical osteochondrosis is accompanied by acute pain? The method tested is the effect of rhythmically changing current on the pain area. The intensity of the current must be increased until vibrations appear in the tissue. After only 15 minutes of surgery, the intensity of pain has been greatly reduced
DDT (dynamic therapy)
With this treatment method, the affected area will be exposed to double-wave or continuous current, and its intensity will gradually increase until a slight vibration is felt in the treatment area. After several operations, severe pain even appeared, and at the same time, muscle tension and nerve root stimulation were eliminated. After the entire course of treatment, the tone of the cervical muscles returned to normal, and the mobility of the affected parts of the spine increased.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
This physical therapy method is called TENS for short. In this process, flat electrodes equipped with hydrophilic pads are used. They are applied to the entire cervical area and the projection area of nerve roots emerging from the cervical area. In order to obtain the healing effect, increase the current intensity until vibration occurs. This method is suitable for the treatment of acute osteochondrosis.
This is the name for long-term gentle traction of the spine in a horizontal position. Thanks to this method, the muscles are relaxed, the spasm is relieved, the tone is restored, and the ability of the cervical spine to work in the cervical spine is restored. Unloading the spine and eliminating the vertical compression of the intervertebral disc can restore the normal supply of nutrients to the areas affected by osteochondrosis. Extensor therapy treatment helps to eliminate headaches, neck pain and dizziness. This method can even be used for elderly patients and heart disease patients.
It can effectively treat cervical osteochondrosis with the help of qualified therapists who are skilled in manual treatment techniques. This method involves local dose action on spinal elements to restore the mobility of the damaged segment or adapt it to new conditions.
How to execute the program correctly? The movements should be gentle, adjusted, and gently massage the problem areas. At the same time, the pulling operation is performed while the head is leveraging.
First, perform a diagnosis to determine the extent of mobility of the affected area. The purpose of further manual operation is to remove obstacles (restrictions). Such an impact cannot eliminate osteophytes or restore cartilage tissue. Its purpose is to increase the mobility of the cervical spine and reduce pain.
The taboo of this process is:
- Inflammatory pathology of the spine;
- Malignant tumor;
- Recent spinal cord injury;
- Increase bone fragility;
- Herniated disc.
In the last two cases, manual handling can be done, but extreme care must be taken.
Physiotherapy and gymnastics
In the initial stage of osteochondrosis, regular gymnastics can be prescribed. As the disease progressed, an individual training system was chosen. Exercise gradually, and the load gradually increases. No crunch or pain is allowed. Exercise therapy is very effective when combined with physical therapy. The right exercise can help eliminate pain syndrome and increase cervical spine mobility.
When will the operation be scheduled?
If conservative methods are not effective, it is recommended that the patient undergo surgery. The following actions are recommended:
- is used for very severe pain, which cannot be eliminated after taking medicine;
- With the increase of arm muscle weakness;
- has obvious signs of spinal cord compression.
The most commonly used surgery is to remove osteophytes and disc herniation through further anterior cervical fusion. After the operation, the patient should wear a headrest for about 3 months.
How to cure osteochondrosis quickly? Advocates of traditional medicine believe that this can be done using conventional means. The main pharmaceutical ingredients used to treat the disease are:
- Plant-derived raw materials: herbs, flowers, roots-for internal use or in the form of plasters, baths, compresses, etc. ;
- Products or preparations of animal origin: fat, bee or snake venom, bile, eggs-used to prepare rubbing agents, ointments, hot compresses and pain relief preparations;
- Chemical substances with warming, stimulating and pain-relieving effects: alcohol, turpentine, iodine.
Almost all folk remedies to treat cervical osteochondrosis are based on the principle of heating the affected area. They can only be used as an adjunct to conventional therapy.
Some suggestions usually need to be treated with caution, as complications may arise rather than benefits. For example, the common treatment method of soaking horseradish leaves in boiling water usually causes burns. In addition, many plant and animal ingredients are strong allergens-if you are prone to allergies, you should not use them.
There are also enough suggestions (for example, using willow twig tincture with analgesic effect), but the effect is not sufficient.
Once, the so-called "salt excretion" method using various herbal extracts and preparations was very popular. The result usually makes the patient's condition significantly worse, and traditional therapists themselves explain this by excreting excess salt from the body. For osteochondrosis (including the cervical spine), not only salt metabolism is disturbed, but all metabolic processes in the affected area are also disturbed. Even if the salt is effectively excreted, it will not improve the patient's condition. In addition, the main cause of the disease is dehydration of the intervertebral disc, and as it progresses, osteophytes begin to form. In both cases, herbal infusions will not help.
In order to prevent the occurrence of cervical spine degenerative dystrophy and osteochondrosis, you must follow the following rules:
- Do not put heavy loads on the spine;
- Don’t stay still for a long time;
- In sedentary work, get up regularly and do simple exercises: neck turns, circular movements, a little massage;
- Avoid sudden movement;
- Don’t get too cold;
- Treat other diseases promptly;
- Avoid injury;
- Avoid stress as much as possible;
- Monitor your posture;
- Participate in sports;
- Eat right;
- Get rid of excess weight;
- No smoking.