Low back pain: causes, how to treat?

What if my back is injured and the cause of this symptom is unknown? It can be caused by normal sprains and cancer. Why low back pain occurs, causes and treatment-more on this below.

Why does low back pain occur?

Low back pain may occur for many reasons, including low back pain. Basically, the diseases we are talking about are usually divided into two categories:

  • Congenital;
  • has been purchased.

The first group includes pathologies related to the irregular structure of the vertebrae, namely:

  1. Cracks appear.
  2. Irregularly shaped branches.
  3. Too many short or long teeth.

There is no need for such congenital defects to feel immediately. Doctors have repeatedly observed that these changes manifest as acute pain when bending over. These patients may experience:

  • Difficulty moving.
  • Problems with urination.
  • Low intelligence.

These problems may have no symptoms at all, or they may be accompanied by severe pain, difficulty walking, urination, and mental retardation when performing certain types of bends.

Lower back pain may be caused by neurological reasons, namely:

  • Lumbar osteochondrosis;
  • Tense nerves;
  • Low back pain;
  • Multiple sclerosis.

A sedentary lifestyle leads to osteochondrosis and strains. This is due to muscle overwork. However, the tense nerves will be accompanied by sudden and intense pain.

If you have sharp, sudden pain in your buttocks, it means your sciatic nerve is atrophy. In this case, the doctor diagnosed low back pain. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune disease. It not only has a damaging effect on the nerve fibers of the spinal cord, but also has a damaging effect on the brain. With it, the pain may change to varying degrees in different places, including acute and sudden pain, and lower back pain. This pathology is difficult to treat.

Severe pain may cause:

  • Osteoporosis;
  • cro inflammation.

In the first case, the disease appears due to lack of nutrition in the body. If the patient rarely eats calcium-rich foods or his metabolism is impaired, he may develop:

  1. Lower back pain.
  2. Calf muscle cramps.
  3. Posture changes.

Degenerative sa arthritis can affect the elderly. For this disease, a purulent inflammatory process appears on the joint surface.

Osteochondrosis or back disease is one of the causes of pain in the lumbar area. But it must be emphasized that this disease is the most common cause of these symptoms. It can be of the following types:

  • Cervix;
  • boobs;
  • Waist.

The latter is the most common because it is the most stressed lower back. Therefore, it will not only produce and develop back diseases, but also increase the risk of degenerative processes, such as:

  • Osteoarthritis;
  • Osteoarthritis;
  • Osteoporosis.

It is generally believed that the first two diseases are the same, but this is wrong. In osteoarthritis, the inflammatory process occurs in one or more vertebral joints. However, osteoarthritis is characterized by mechanical destruction of the joint capsule structure and cartilage damage.

Osteoporosis refers to the destructive changes in metabolism that occur due to the imbalance of bone formation and absorption. As a result of this process, the structure of the bone has changed. Its reorganization leads to the fact that the number of bone bundles per unit volume of bone is reduced. This leads to the fact that bones become thinner and sometimes some of its elements can be completely dissolved. In other words, calcium is washed away in bones much faster than it accumulates.

Other organ diseases

Diseases that cause low back pain

In some cases, discomfort symptoms in the waist area may be the result of diseases of other organs and systems. As a result of these pathological processes, the pain may be reflexive. The reason is:

  1. Intestinal dysfunction.
  2. A tumor appears in the gastrointestinal tract or uterus.
  3. Onset of hemorrhoids.
  4. Introduce infection into the genitourinary system.
  5. Complications after catching a cold.

Without proper treatment, previous flu, sore throat or SARS may cause discomfort in the lumbar area.

Women’s lower back pain may also be caused by physiological changes, such as menstruation, childbirth, and childbirth. Significant weight gains for men and women also increase the risk of lower back pain. When an unprepared person tries to lift a lot of weight, excessive physical exercise can have the same effect. If you do not use the arched back to lift such a weight, the risk of lower back injury is particularly high.

Incorrect weight lifting, overweight and physiological changes can cause pain in the lower back. Cold body is the cause of radiculitis, which manifests as similar symptoms. In this case, inflammatory processes that affect the nerve roots occur.

If you stay in cold or humid air for a long time, your body's resistance will drop sharply. As a result, immunity is reduced, which is why the infection process appears and develops.


A sedentary lifestyle not only weakens the spine and increases the risk of injury, but is also the direct cause of various pathologies.

Causes of back pain

Lack of the necessary load will cause blood stagnation, which will trigger an irreversible process in the cartilage tissue.

Ignore the necessity of regular exercise, which leads to the fact that any excessive load becomes excessive. In this case, it becomes the cause of muscle spasm, which restricts part of the spine including the lumbar spine. Trigger the following annoying event loop:

  1. Back pain in the waist area.
  2. Muscle cramps occur.
  3. The back pain gets worse.

This process can take a long time and can cause a lot of pain to a person. However, if the spine continues to be severely injured, you need to seek medical help.

But excessive physical exercise can also lead to destructive processes in the spine. Therefore, you should pay special attention to:

  • Warm up;
  • Exercise skills;
  • Regularity;
  • Moderately.

Otherwise it will cause unnecessary stress, which is the main cause of injuries, fractures, cracks and muscle strains. This is especially true in strength sports, where the body is subjected to a strong dynamic load and heavy training methods are used. These include:

  • weightlifting;
  • Bodybuilding;
  • fight;
  • box.

Stern, fast punches, pushes, and throws-all of these increase the risk of back injuries and are usually the cause of lower back pain in men and women.

Poor diet

Snacks, lack of three meals and monotonous diet will lead to insufficient intake of the following nutrients:

Poor diet is the cause of back pain
  • calcium;
  • Phosphorus;
  • Fluorine.

These substances are the main components of bone tissue. Their lack leads to its weakening.

If the human body lacks these substances, nails and hair will be the first victims. The former becomes brittle and brittle, and the hair thickens and falls out. However, if you pay attention to these adverse phenomena and consult a specialist in time, you can avoid more adverse consequences.

However, even ingesting these substances in the required amount is not enough to prevent shortages. Due to sufficient vitamins, they can provide their assimilation. If they are not enough, then the body will assimilate all other useful substances.

For this reason, you need to monitor your diet carefully and follow the principle of adequate all essential nutrients. This is especially true for the following women:

  • With children;
  • is ​​breastfeeding.

This also applies to women who are in menopause.

Unhealthy diet is the cause of large and small bowel diseases. Excessive high-calorie fatty foods are especially helpful for this. As a result, there is radiating pain in the waist area. Ulcers and gastritis can cause a pulling sensation in the lower back.

The reason lies in the nerves

Overwork, irregular work schedules, lack of proper rest, constant stress-all these have a negative impact on all body systems. The man is lazy. This happened unknowingly, but the problem is that he has always been in this position.

Overwork is the cause of back pain

Pathological processes of the spine are triggered, including pain in the lumbar region.

If a person already suffers from chronic diseases, then under stressful situations, intense emotional experiences can exacerbate these diseases. Don't think that this process is very long, and it will take years to cause destructive changes on the physiological level.

If a decrease in strength is observed within 3-5 weeks, the doctor strongly recommends seeking expert help.

Gender differences in reasons

Not only pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause are the main causes of back pain between men and women. Gender differences are also observed in the factors of male low back pain, the main reasons include:

  1. Lifting weights.
  2. Exposure to the cold for a long time.
  3. Dynamic load on the lower back.

Although some pathological processes have been found in both men and women, one of them is more obvious. Intervertebral disc herniation usually occurs in highly sexual people after the age of 40. Through this pathology, the root of the spinal cord is compressed.

Disease symptoms:

  1. Lumbodynia, increases in the upright position of the human body and decreases in the supine position.
  2. When you cough, laugh, or sneeze, your hips to your feet will hurt.
  3. It becomes painful to bend and straighten the lumbar spine.
  4. Lifting up straight legs on your back will exacerbate the unpleasant feeling.

In addition, men with low back pain may have the following reasons:

  1. The biological state does not match the state.
  2. Purely male works related to prolonged exposure to cold and draught.
  3. Prostatitis.
  4. Epididymitis.

In the latter two cases, back pain is radioactive.

What diseases cause low back pain

However, spinal instability is a typical cause of low back pain in women. When you want to lie down and rest immediately, take a long time of physical exercise or maintain a standing posture, accompanied by a sense of fatigue, which precisely indicates this disease. It can occur simultaneously with moderate obesity. With it, the following process will happen:

  1. The disk is affected.
  2. Intervertebral joints are destroyed.

The patient is difficult to bend, unable to bend, unable to make other movements. But in some cases, if the lower back is injured, the female cause may happen to be related to insufficient back muscle development.

For processes such as pregnancy that are only characteristic for women, the lower back of pregnant women will be injured for some reason. With the child, the mother's body is gaining weight rapidly. However, the back muscles do not have time to respond to this load, which can cause discomfort.

In addition, due to the increased load on the lumbar spine, various pathological processes in the intervertebral disc appear and develop. Therefore, doctors recommend that pregnant women choose and use special bandages during 4-5 months of pregnancy. This is an excellent preventive method to prevent back pain and stretch marks.

Women may be harmed before menstruation. During this period, pain in the lower abdomen with reflex characteristics. This symptom is also observed in the inflammatory process related to gynecology. In this case, women will feel soreness or strain, which may add to the lower back.


What should I do if my lower back is injured? Considering the number of reasons for this occurrence and the complexity of the process, the only correct solution is to contact a therapist. He listens to and examines the patient, prescribes the necessary examinations, and then makes a diagnosis based on the total number of symptoms.

If the back pain is caused by a known cause, you can immediately contact a narrowing specialist, namely:

  1. was previously injured.
  2. Pregnant.
  3. Chronic diseases.
Low back pain treatment

Self-medication is also possible, but only if you know exactly why back pain occurs and you should visit the doctor who established or confirmed the diagnosis before treatment.

So, if your back is injured in the lumbar area, how should you treat it? For this you can use:

  • ointment;
  • Injection;
  • heating up;
  • Physiotherapy practice;
  • Massage.

If the patient suffers from the following conditions, the use of ointment can eliminate back pain:

  • Stretch;
  • inflammation;
  • has a cold in his lower back.

The following ointments can be used:

  1. An analgesic with anti-inflammatory effects.
  2. Stimulus.
  3. Cartilage protective agent, used to repair the surface of cartilage tissue.
  4. Comprehensive medicine.

If you have lower back pain, you can use injections instead of ointments to improve the treatment effect. The active substance quickly enters the blood or muscles, thus speeding up the process of eliminating back pain. However, the injection can be performed under the guidance of a doctor and only by appropriate medical personnel.

If the patient has the following conditions, use warm-up:

  • Hernia;
  • Stretch;
  • Osteochondrosis;
  • Curvature.

If a person with waist pain and backache uses the warm-up method (to find out the cause by mistake), the condition may be aggravated. For example, if the back pain is caused by an infection, warming up will stimulate blood flow to the tissue damage site, making the back more painful.

Physiotherapy aims to strengthen the muscles of the spine corset so that you can correct the wrong posture. It must be used as directed by a doctor. The research and development of a set of exercises are carried out under the guidance of experts, and then can be carried out independently at home. The main requirement is regular training.

Massage should be performed by an expert who understands how to properly affect the body and why it is needed. It can be done in medical institutions and at home. The following goals can be achieved through massage:

  1. Restore blood supply to the lumbar area.
  2. Muscles become more elastic and flexible.
  3. Eliminate back pain in the lumbar region.
  4. Remove toxins accumulated in subcutaneous tissues and muscles.

In addition, massage brings pleasant feelings and positive emotions, which has a beneficial effect on the healing process.

In some cases, doctors turn to surgery. This is especially true for herniated discs, which must be removed to avoid compression of the nerve roots.

If your lower back is still painful during treatment, your doctor will tell you to do it again. After further research, he will adjust the prescription treatment. Eliminate self-medication in this situation.

The easiest way to prevent back pain is to sleep on a hard mattress. In this case, you need to put a small pillow under your knees. In this position, the muscles near the vertebrae will relax well. But you don't have to stay in this position for a long time, otherwise these muscles will become weak, which will have a negative effect on the condition of the vertebrae.