Osteochondrosis of the spine: symptoms, causes, treatment

Osteochondrosis of the vertebral column

Despite the fact that our spine is designed for an active lifestyle, need of exertion moderate, and excessive overvoltage is harmful, and can lead to osteochondrosis.

The causes of the disease

Causes of degenerative disc disease may be different, both internal and external.

To endogenous (internal) reasons refer to violation of fetal development of the spine, a genetic predisposition and the age-related changes of cartilage tissue.

The main external cause of the disease is considered to be a wrong distribution of the load on the spine, leading to degeneration of cartilage tissue in the places of excess pressure.

In addition, the disease occurs because of injury of the spine, congenital defects, infectious diseases, and weakened the muscles of the back porch and side S-shaped scoliosis, regular physical exercise, heavy load, connected to the activity area and long retention are not comfortable posture.

Low back pain can appear not only in people with bad posture, engaged in mental work, but who is well-trained physically — for example, athletes and motors.

In addition, the disease progresses to disorder in the metabolism (especially the lack of calcium and phosphorus, the deficiency of trace elements and vitamins(magnesium, manganese, zinc, vitamin D), overweight, obesity.

So, to sum up. Multiple risk factors of the onset of degenerative disc disease are:

  • exposure to chemicals;
  • constant vibration — for example, truck drivers or drivers of agricultural machinery;
  • flat foot;
  • poor diet, being overweight;
  • sedentary life-style;
  • computer work and constant guidance of vehicles;
  • structure;
  • excessive workout in the gym;
  • posture;
  • hypothermia;
  • wear wear uncomfortable shoes (especially high heels);
  • the constant stress, the structure.

For reasons of observations disease are often porters, weight-lifters, the builders, the gymnasts. People who are regularly in a state of stress, constantly walk with your head and shoulders, are all at risk of osteochondrosis.

The manifestations of degenerative disc disease

The manifestations of degenerative disc disease

What happens when osteochondrosis? Depending on which part is damaged intervertebral discs, pain can occur in the neck, shoulder, arm, back, chest. It happens that a person suspected of having problems with the heart, but in reality, this is a sore nerve, which was trapped as a consequence of degenerative disc disease. Even with the pain of a man often feels fatigue and numbness of the muscles. If it is crushed the blood vessels supplying the brain, headache, dizziness, ringing in the ears, double vision, nausea and vomiting, fainting.

The symptoms of the disease depend on the department of the spine suffers from degenerative disc disease, but the main feature is the pain.

The symptoms of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar include:

  • annoying permanent or severe back pain;
  • the painful sensations are intensified during exercise or movement;
  • the pain can give the pelvis, the legs, the pelvic organs;
  • disturbed the sensitivity of the foot;
  • often, people in difficulty, trying to turn, bend, and, therefore, forced to maintain the position, in which the less he feels the discomfort.

Signs of cervical osteoarthritis:

  • headaches, which are moving and do not go after of analgesics;
  • vertigo by quickly turning the head;
  • the syndrome of pain in the hands, arms, shoulders, and chest;
  • "viewfinder" and the colored spots before the eyes;
  • the deterioration of sight and hearing, ringing in the ears;
  • occasionally numbness of the tongue, alteration of the voice.

When breastfeeding osteochondrosis of the following symptoms:

  • the pain in the chest and between the shoulder blades when you raise your hands, slopes;
  • the pain is felt stronger in the night, subcooling, in the curve, a strong physical activity;
  • the painful sensations are enhanced with a deep inhale and on the exhale;
  • numbness of the individual sections of the skin, "goose bumps";
  • itching, burning, cold feeling in the legs;
  • a twinge of pain between the ribs during the journey;
  • sensation as if the chest is squeezed in the circle.

Services of osteochondrosis

Services of osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis nutritionists recommend to observe the following rules:

Important to comply with fish hydrolysate (there are small portions 6 times per day).

Other fundamental principles of the diet are:

  • the presence in the diet of dairy products to low fat varieties meat (beef, rabbit, bird), mushrooms, and cereal dishes;
  • need to limit themselves in the abuse of grapes, legumes, peas, beans, meat, broths;
  • useful to include in the diet jelly, jelly, plug load of fish. With them you get a substance that participates in the synthesis of cartilage tissue;
  • drink at least 1.5 litres of clean water a day;
  • enriched daily menu of fresh fruit and vegetables, with particular emphasis on the cucumbers, tomatoes, carrots, onions, beets, cabbage, peppers, broccoli, celery;
  • of the famous ways of cooking, to give the preference to the welded or cooked in the steam of the flesh;
  • I often eat sunflower seeds, walnuts, avocado, raw spinach;
  • fill the salad with olive oil;
  • if you allow the financial capabilities, then cook dishes of lobsters, oysters, crabs;
  • look for the less can be eaten salted, smoked products, flour products, sugar, spicy condiments.

Treatment and diagnosis

When the first specific signal to the degenerative disc disease, you must consult a neurologist. Specialist listen to complaints, will examine the spinal column, diagnostic, or if there are problems with the cerebral circulation, and, perhaps, give you an appointment for x-rays, computer or magnetic resonance imaging corresponding to the spinal column.

You need to prepare for the fact that the treatment will result in a long process, which requires a man of great strength of will and free time.

Modern medicine today there are a variety of methods of struggle with osteochondrosis. This medicinal drugs and dietary Supplements, manual therapy, traction, acupuncture, massage, medical gymnastics, etc. the doctor may select an individual course, on the basis of the physical characteristics of the body of the patient.

Together with the traditional methods may be an alternative treatment through traditional medicine — massage banks, bee venom, etc


Prevention of degenerative disc disease

For the prevention of degenerative disc disease experts recommend the following:

  • In a timely manner to perform the correction of the curvature of the spinal column, and disturbances of posture in the tender school age.
  • Actively engaged in physical activity, swimming, yoga, nordic walking, fitness, that will form muscle.
  • Follow a diet, eating foods with enough vitamins, calcium and magnesium (fish and other seafood, cabbage, spinach, beans, nuts, sunflower seeds, peas, wholemeal bread and fresh milk).
  • Fight overweight.
  • When you are carrying heavy loads to provide a uniform load on both hands, wearing backpacks instead of bags. Lift weights only with the use of the legs and not the spine.
  • Sitting at a computer or table, keep your back straight and your shoulders relaxed.
  • Choose chairs that support the spine.
  • Every 2 hours, or more often, to take breaks to work, you go, do some testing, learn office gymnastics.
  • When lifting weights, keep your back straight, sit in, not to make any sudden snags.
  • Do not wear before carrying heavy objects.
  • Sports shoes with shock-absorbing outsole.
  • Sleeping on an orthopedic mattress;
  • Perform exercises for the abdominal.